Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy



First Advisor

Kellie J. Archer

Second Advisor

Nitai D. Mukhopadhyay

Third Advisor

Nak-Kyeong Kim

Fourth Advisor

James P. Bennett Jr.

Fifth Advisor

Jintanat Ananworanich


Combining effect sizes from individual studies using random-effects models are commonly applied in high-dimensional gene expression data. However, unknown study heterogeneity can arise from inconsistency of sample qualities and experimental conditions. High heterogeneity of effect sizes can reduce statistical power of the models. We proposed two new methods for random effects estimation and measurements for model variation and strength of the study heterogeneity. We then developed a statistical technique to test for significance of random effects and identify heterogeneous genes. We also proposed another meta-analytic approach that incorporates informative weights in the random effects meta-analysis models. We compared the proposed methods with the standard and existing meta-analytic techniques in the classical and Bayesian frameworks. We demonstrate our results through a series of simulations and application in gene expression neurodegenerative diseases.


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Available for download on Tuesday, December 02, 2025