Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science


Physics and Applied Physics

First Advisor

Dr. Ye


In this study we looked at several different silicon nanostructures grown for the purpose of optimizing anodes for lithium ion batteries. We primarily focused on two distinct types of structures, nanospirals, and Rugate structures. The samples were designed to have the mechanical robustness to endure the massive expansion caused by lithiation of silicon. All of the samples were grown using an electron beam evaporator. Scanning electron microscope images show that we have achieved the desired structural growth. The spirals were shown to have an average diameter of 343 nm on polished copper, and 366 nm on unpolished copper. The Rugate structures had two distinct sample sets. The first mimicked the design of a thin film. The other formed distinct pillars that grouped into islands. The tops of the islands had an average diameter of 362 nm, while the pillars had an average width varying between 167 nm and 140 nm.


© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission