Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Social Work

First Advisor

Sarah Kye Price

Second Advisor

Matt Bogenschutz

Third Advisor

David Fauri

Fourth Advisor

Parthenia Dinora


Self-directed supports, as a method of service delivery, have grown from small pilot programs in a handful of states to at least one program in every state. For individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD), self-direction presents unique opportunities to engage in self-determined behavior and shape the services upon which they rely. Although the evidence base for self-direction is relatively robust, there is a significant lack of information on how implementation of self-direction is faring on the national level. The purpose of this study is to understand how the political and economic factors within and across states have impacted the implementation of a self-directed service delivery system.


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VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission