Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Dentistry



First Advisor

Al M. Best

Second Advisor

Garry L. Myers

Third Advisor

Sonali A. Rathore


The aim of this study was to evaluate whether volumetric changes in persistent periapical lesions can be detected in follow-ups six months to five years after apicoectomy using cone-beam computed tomography. Patients with a previous treatment history of apicoectomy and for whom a pre-surgical CBCT scan was taken between November 2010 and December 2015 were invited to participate in the study. A post-surgical CBCT image of the treated tooth was obtained at the recall visit. Volumetric and linear measurements of periapical lesions on initial and postoperative CBCT images were performed using DiThreshGUI software and two calibrated examiners—a board-certified endodontist and a board-certified oral radiologist. Repeated-measures ANOVA were used to estimate the magnitude of reduction and to test for differences (at alpha=0.05). A total of 20 patients with 27 surgically treated teeth were recalled at an average interval of 37 months. Reduction in the size of lesions was observed in 24 teeth (88%); overall, the volumes significantly decreased as detected by software-assisted measurement of volume (P = .0002) and by calculation from linear measurements (P < .0001). Volumetric analysis detected a reduction of 86% in lesions while the linear-derived volume measurements yielded an average reduction of 96%. These two methods of lesion assessment were strongly correlated with one another in pre-surgical scans (r>0.88) when apical lesions are measurable.


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