Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science


Human Genetics

First Advisor

Joyce A. Lloyd


Sickle cell disease and β-thalassemia affect millions of people worldwide. γ-globin is the fetal counterpart to the adult β-globin. Research has shown that affected patients with higher than normal γ-globin show less severe symptoms. Therefore, reversing or preventing the hemoglobin switch from γ- to β- globin is a promising avenue of research for treating these diseases. KLF1 is an erythroid transcription factor involved in hemoglobin switching. Herein, we show that KLF1 directly regulates the γ-globin repressor gene LRF in both the mouse and human systems. KLF1 may also directly activate γ-globin expression by binding the promoter. In human HUDEP-2 cells, an increase in γ-globin expression is seen upon modest knockdown (~50%) of KLF1, whereas normal amounts of KLF1 are observed upon robust knockdown (>75%) of KLF1. The data suggest that KLF1 plays both a positive and negative role in γ-globin expression.


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Available for download on Tuesday, July 26, 2022