Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science


Biomedical Engineering

First Advisor

Jennifer S. Wayne, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Niraj Kalore, M.D.

Third Advisor

Paul A. Wetzel, Ph.D.


Computational modeling in the field of biomechanics is becoming increasingly popular and successful in practice for its ability to predict function and provide information that would otherwise be unobtainable. Through the application of these new and constantly improving methods, kinematics and joint contact characteristics in pathological conditions of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and total hip arthroplasty (THA) were studied using a lower extremity computational model. Patients presenting with FAI exhibit abnormal contact between the femoral neck and acetabular rim leading to surrounding tissue damage in daily use. THA is the replacement of both the proximal femur and acetabular region of the pelvis and is the most common surgical intervention for degenerative hip disorders. A combination of rigid osteoarticular anatomy and force vectors representing soft tissue structures were used in developing this model. Kinematics produced by healthy models were formally validated with experimental data from Burnfield et al. This healthy model was then modified to emulate the desired morphology of FAI and a THA procedure with a range of combined version (CV) angles. All soft tissue structures were maintained constant for each subsequent model. Data gathered from these models did not provide any significant differences between the kinematics of healthy and FAI but did show a large amount of variation in all THA kinematics including incidents of dislocation with cases of lower CV angles. With the results of these computational studies performed with this model, an increased understanding of hip morphology with regards to STS has been achieved.


© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission