Defense Date

1974

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science

Department

Pharmacy

First Advisor

Bill Harrison

Abstract

An original study was undertaken to examine the relationship of clients of Project Jump Street, Inc., a methadone maintenance program, to changes in personality factors as measured by R.B. Cattell's Sixteen Personality Factor Inventory, to compare the national norms of drug addicts/methadone users to the result of the 16 PF of clients of Project Jump Street, Inc., and to determine if significant differences appear among treatment phase I, phase II, and phase III.

Twenty-one clients of the program, seven subjects in each of phases I, II, and III, were given the 16 PF by their counselors between September 10 and September 30, 1973. The analysis of the data indicated that while there were no statistically significant differences (p = .05) among the groups, definite trends seemed to be developing among treatment phase I, phase II, and phase III patients.

The trends that seemed to be developing were:

  1. Increasing sizothymic (A-) response
  2. Increasing analytic intelligence response (B-)
  3. Increasing ego strength (C+)
  4. Decreasing superego strength (C+)
  5. Increasing reactivity to threat (H-)
  6. Increasing shrewdness (N+)
  7. Increasing self-assuredness (0-)
  8. Increasing group—dependency (Q2-)

In group I significant differences were found as follows in the mean sten scores of the clients when compared to the standard for drug addicts. These factors were: Intelligence(B), Ego Strength(C), Dominance/Submission(E), Superego Strength(C), Praxernia/Autia(M), Artlessness/Shrewdness(N), and Conservatism/Radicalism(Q1).

In group I when compared to the standard for methadone users, there were significant differences in the following factors: Intelligence(B), Ego Strength(C), Dominance/Submission(E), Superego Strength (G), Threctia/Parmia (H), Artlessness/Shrewdness (N), and Conservatism/Radicalism (Q1).

Group II subjects mean sten scores were compared to the standard for drug addicts and the following factors differed significantly: Intelligence (B), Ego Strength (C), Dominance/Submission (E), and Desurgency/Surgency (F).

In group II, when compared to the standard methadone user, significant differences were noted in the following factors: Threctia/ Parmia (H), and Conservatism/Radicalism (Q1).

The standard for drug addicts was compared to the mean sten scores for group III. The following factors differed significantly from the standard: Sizothyme/Affectothyme (A), Intelligence (B), Ego Strength (C), Dominance/Submission (E), Alaxia/Protension (L).

When group III mean sten scores were compared to the standard for methadone user, there were significant differences in the following factors: Sizothyme/Affectothyme (A), Ego Strength (C), Artlessness/ Shrewdness (N) and Conservatism/Dominance (Q1).

These results seem to indicate that there is increasing similarity between the standard for methadone users and the subjects in the study as one approaches group II.

Subjects in group I exhibited the greatest amount of variance when compared to the standard for both drug addicts and methadone users, while group III showed only median variance from the standard for drug addicts and methadone users.

Comments

Scanned, with permission from the author, from the original print version, which resides in University Archives.

Rights

© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

1-24-2018

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