Defense Date

2018

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science in Dentistry

Department

Dentistry

First Advisor

Zhao Lin

Second Advisor

Thomas C. Waldrop

Third Advisor

Harvey Schenkein

Fourth Advisor

Alvin Best

Abstract

Background: Directing autogenous Mesenchymal Stem Cell (MSC) to defect sites has a great promise in bone regeneration. We designed a MSC specific, bone affinity peptide (E7HA7) by conjugating E7 with a polyglutamate hydroxyapatite (HA) binding motif. We sought to characterize the in-vivo releasing pattern and bioactivity of E7HA7. Methods: HA discs were coated with fluorescent labeled peptides E7HA7, E7HA2 or E7 were subcutaneously implanted in Sprague Dawley rats. In an ectopic bone formation model was used to test the in-vivo bioactivity of E7HA7 conjugated to DBM. Results: E7HA7 showed slower peptide release from scaffolds in comparison to other groups, being statistically significant at week 2 compared to E7, and to E7HA2 at week 4 and 8. In ectopic model, the medians for new bone formation in each group were: iDBM=0.041mm3, iDBM-E7=0.071mm3, aDBM=0.138mm3, and aDBM-E7=0.192mm3. Conclusions: Conjugation of E7 to polyglutamate bone binding domain showed slow releasing kinetics and osteoinductive potential.

Rights

© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

5-4-2018

Available for download on Saturday, May 04, 2019

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