Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science



First Advisor

Gary R. Hartwell


This study determined if the cleaning efficiency of NiTi rotary files in an endodontic electric handpiece using a no torque control setting was superior to that obtained when using the torque control feature. Fifty extracted human anterior teeth with straight canals were divided into two groups of 20 and two control groups of 5. Canals were instrumented with GT and .04 Profile NiTi files until a size 35 advanced to working length. Samples were sectioned, the apical 6 mm of the canal was photographed (x20) and projected onto a 3 x 4 foot grid with squares measuring 0.5 inches each. Total debris was the percentage of the number of squares containing debris versus the total number of squares. Results showed that the teeth in the torque controlled group showed an average of 24.99% debris vs. 15.55% for the teeth in the no torque group. The difference was not statistically significant.


Scanned, with permission from the author, from the original print version, which resides in University Archives.


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VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission