Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science


Electrical & Computer Engineering

First Advisor

Dr. Carl Elks

Second Advisor

Dr. Alen Docef

Third Advisor

Dr. Lukasz Kurgan


Power transmission network is the most important link in the country’s energy system as they carry large amounts of power at high voltages from generators to substations. Modern power system is a complex network and requires high-speed, precise, and reliable protective system. Faults in power system are unavoidable and overhead transmission line faults are generally higher compare to other major components. They not only affect the reliability of the system but also cause widespread impact on the end users. Additionally, the complexity of protecting transmission line configurations increases with as the configurations get more complex. Therefore, prediction of faults (type and location) with high accuracy increases the operational stability and reliability of the power system and helps to avoid huge power failure. Furthermore, proper operation of the protective relays requires the correct determination of the fault type as quickly as possible (e.g., reclosing relays).

With advent of smart grid, digital technology is implemented allowing deployment of sensors along the transmission lines which can collect live fault data as they contain useful information which can be used for analyzing disturbances that occur in transmission lines. In this thesis, application of machine learning algorithms for fault classification and location identification on the transmission line has been explored. They have ability to “learn” from the data without explicitly programmed and can independently adapt when exposed to new data. The work presented makes following contributions:

1) Two different architectures are proposed which adapts to any N-terminal in the transmission line.

2) The models proposed do not require large dataset or high sampling frequency. Additionally, they can be trained quickly and generalize well to the problem.

3) The first architecture is based off decision trees for its simplicity, easy visualization which have not been used earlier. Fault location method uses traveling wave-based approach for location of faults. The method is tested with performance better than expected accuracy and fault location error is less than ±1%.

4) The second architecture uses single support vector machine to classify ten types of shunt faults and Regression model for fault location which eliminates manual work. The architecture was tested on real data and has proven to be better than first architecture. The regression model has fault location error less than ±1% for both three and two terminals.

5) Both the architectures are tested on real fault data which gives a substantial evidence of its application.


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