Author ORCID Identifier

orcid.org/0000-0001-5194-1319

Defense Date

2018

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Clinical and Translational Sciences

First Advisor

Larisa Litovchick

Abstract

High expression of B-Myb (encoded by MYBL2), an oncogenic transcription factor, is associated with cell cycle deregulation and poor prognosis in several cancers, including ovarian cancer. However, the mechanism by which B-Myb alters the cell cycle is not fully understood. In proliferating cells, B-Myb interacts with the MuvB core complex including LIN9, LIN37, LIN52, RBBP4, and LIN54, forming the MMB (Myb-MuvB) complex, and promotes transcription of genes required for mitosis. Alternatively, the MuvB core interacts with Rb-like protein p130 and E2F4-DP1 to form the DREAM complex that mediates global repression of cell cycle genes in G0/G1, including a subset of MMB target genes. Here, we show that overexpression of B-Myb disrupts the DREAM complex in human cells, and this activity depends on the intact MuvB-binding domain in B-Myb. Furthermore, we found that B-Myb regulates the protein expression levels of the MuvB core subunit LIN52, a key adaptor for assembly of both the DREAM and MMB complexes, by a mechanism that requires the S28 phosphorylation site in LIN52. To validate our cellular findings, we determined the effect of B-Myb levels on DREAM target gene expression in HGSOC tissue samples and corresponding patient outcomes. Given that high expression of B-Myb correlates with global loss of repression of DREAM target genes in breast and ovarian cancer, our findings offer mechanistic insights for aggressiveness of cancers with MYBL2 amplification and establish the rationale for targeting B-Myb to restore cell cycle control.

Rights

© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

12-12-2018

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