Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy



First Advisor

Dr. M. Samy El-Shall


Chemical methods are generally used for the synthesis of active nanoparticles (metals, semi-metals, metal oxides, and etc) supported on high surface area materials. Chemical methods involve using strong solvents, harmful gases (H2 & CO), and high temperature techniques such as high boiling solvents, calcination and pyrolysis. The main drawbacks of using this approach, is the prevalence of chemical agents on nanomaterials which tends to negate its applications. Alternatively, photochemical and photothermal methods are widely being considered for the synthesis and design of nanomaterials.

For these studies, the active nanomaterials incorporated within high surface area materials were prepared by the laser vaporization-controlled condensation (LVCC) technique or by the laser irradiation in solution (LIS) technique. The LVCC technique involves the irradiation of a solid target at the focal point of a laser beam (532 nm, 30 Hz) by the Nd: YAG laser inside a chamber that is sandwiched between two steel plates in the presence of high purity He. Whereas, the LIS technique involves the laser irradiation of chemical precursors in aqueous solvents using an unfocused beam. The LVCC technique was used for the preparation of carbonaceous and N-doped carbonaceous TiO2 support materials from MIL-125(Ti) and NH2-MIL-125(Ti) metal organic frameworks, Ge and GeO2 nanostructures, GeOx/PRGO nanocomposite, and the Fe3O4/PRGO nanocomposite. On the other hand, Pd supported on MIL-125(Ti) and NH2-MIL-125(Ti) nanocatalysts, GeO2/RGO, and the poly(ethylene glycol methacrylate-co-bisacrylamide) hydrogels were all prepared by the LIS technique.


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