Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science


Microbiology & Immunology

First Advisor

Huiping Zhou

Second Advisor

Phillip Hylemon

Third Advisor

Xiang-Yang Wang


Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a fatal primary malignancy that is formed in the bile ducts. Cancer-associated myofibroblasts play a crucial role in CCA proliferation and invasion. Furthermore, there is a growing interest in the role of the exosome in the interaction between the cancer-associated myofibroblasts and cholangiocarcinoma which lead to CCA growth. However how cholangiocarcinoma-derived exosome affect the cancer-associated myofibroblasts in the tumor microenvironment remain unknown. In this study, we examined whether exosome produced by cholangiocarcinoma could involve in the prompt of CCA cells growth by regulation of myofibroblast. We found that cholangiocarcinoma-derived exosome could prompt elevated α-smooth muscle actin and stromal cell-derived factor one expression that induces myofibroblast proliferation. We then demonstrated that cholangiocarcinoma-derived exosome upregulated periostin expression that plays an important role in cancer metastasis. In 3D organotypic rat CCA coculture model, TCA and S1P considerably increase the growth of CCA cell. Conclusion: cholangiocarcinoma-derived exosome trigger cancer-associated myofibroblasts proliferation in the tumor microenvironment that leads to prompt CCA growth.


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