Defense Date

2019

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

First Advisor

Massimo Bertino

Abstract

The dissertation is split into two parts. The first part will be focused on changes in material properties found at the nanoscale, as miscibility and electronic structure can change significantly with size. The formation of classically-immiscible bimetallic nanoparticles (BNPs) becomes favorable at the nanoscale and novel catalytic properties can emerge from the bimetallic alloying. The formation of alloyed and non-alloyed BNPs is achieved through pulse laser ablation (PLA) and a significant increase in catalytic activity is observed for both. Recently discovered, the increased activity in the non-alloyed BNPs, deemed multicomponent photocatalysis, is examined and the proposed mechanism discussed. The second part of the talk will focus on thermal barrier coatings (TBCs), which are advanced, multi-layered coatings used to protect materials in high temperature environments. MCrAlY (M=Ni, Co) bond coats deposited via atmospheric plasma spray (APS) are intrinsically rough and initially the roughness provides a high surface area platform for the mechanical interlocking of the yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) top coat, which provides the bulk of the thermal insulation. After high temperature exposure, a protective oxide scale forms at the top coat/bond coat interface however the convex asperities of the bond coat can grow non-α-Al2O3 type oxides that can be detrimental for coating lifetime. A surface modification technique that removes the asperities while leaving intact the concavities is used to examine the role that roughness distribution has on 1100°C APS coating lifetime. Lastly, recent work validating a modelling strategy for evaluating 900°C TBC lifetimes, which can typically surpass 25 kh, is presented. Differences in coating-substrate

interdiffusion behavior over 5-20 kh of 900°C exposure are discussed and reproduced with Thermo- Calc/DICTRA for three superalloys (1483, 247, X4) deposited with high velocity oxy fuel (HVOF)

NiCoCrAlY coatings.

Rights

© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

3-4-2019

Available for download on Saturday, March 02, 2024

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