Defense Date

2019

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science

Department

Clinical Psychology

First Advisor

Joshua Langberg, Ph.D

Second Advisor

Heather Jones, Ph.D

Third Advisor

Kevin Sutherland, Ph.D

Abstract

Adolescents with Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often experience impairment in academic functioning in the school and home environment. Because of this, many school- and clinic-based interventions have been developed to target these problems. Initially, clinic-based interventions were mainly used; however, these interventions were associated with many barriers to care, such as lack of transportation, financial resources, and time. Therefore, school-based interventions were developed to address these barriers. However, there has been minimal research evaluating the role of social determinants of health on the efficacy of school-based interventions. In a sample of 222 adolescents with ADHD randomly assigned to receive either a skills-based treatment or contingency management-based treatment, the present study explored the overall and differential impact of social determinants of health, namely income, maternal education, single parent status, and race, on intervention efficacy. Findings revealed a main effect of single parent status, race, and income on school grades and parent and teacher ratings of academic functioning, but no differential effects of these social determinants of health. Further, this study found that social determinants of health matter for school-based interventions and should be acknowledged as integral parts of improving and maintaining the quality of treatment for adolescents with ADHD.

Rights

© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

4-29-2019

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