Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Dentistry



First Advisor

Dr. Eser Tufekci


Orthodontic brackets undergo resistance during sliding that includes classical friction, binding, and notching. Current bracket systems are hampered by these challenging forces. As a result, the clinician usually needs to apply additional forces to overcome the resistance which increases the risk of root resorption and discomfort for the patient. This study evaluated frictional properties of a novel bracket that had polytetrafluoroethylene (Teflon™) coated rollers in its design. Five types of brackets (n = 10, each), including a passive self-ligating bracket, a traditional ligated bracket, a three-dimensionally printed direct metal laser sintering (DMLS) bracket with and without Teflon™ rollers, and computer numeric controlled (CNC) machine milled bracket with Teflon™ rollers were tested. The peak resistance values were assessed at 0°, 4°, and 8° of tip on a 0.019 x 0.025” arch wire. At 8° of tip, the DMLS and the CNC milled bracket systems, both with Teflon™ rollers, exhibited less friction as compared to the other brackets tested (p


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Available for download on Wednesday, April 29, 2020