Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science


Physics and Applied Physics

First Advisor

Shiv N Khanna


In the presented work, first principle studies on electronic structure, stability, and magnetic properties of metal chalcogenide, CrnTem clusters have been carried out within a density functional framework using generalized gradient functions to incorporate the exchange and correlation effects. The energetic and electronic stability was investigated, and it was found that they are not always correlated as seen in the cluster Cr6Te8 which has smaller gap between its HOMO (Highest Occupied Molecular Orbital) and LUMO (Lowest Unoccupied Molecular Orbital) and a high electron affinity of 3.39 eV indicating lower electronic stability whereas higher fragmentation energy indicating energetic stability. The high electron affinity shows that the stability of Cr6Te8 cluster can be enhanced by adding charge donating ligands including PEt3 to form stable Cr6Te8(PEt3)6 clusters as seen in experiments. The other cluster of interest was Cr4Te6 in which energetic stability was accompanied with electronic inertness marked by its large HOMO-LUMO gap, non-magnetic ground state and high fragmentation energy.


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