Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science


Pediatric Dentistry

First Advisor

Dr. Tegwyn H. Brickhouse


The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of child temperament and its effect on the outcome of conscious sedation using the following agents: Chloral Hydrate (35mg/kg), Meperidine (2mg/kg), and Hydroxyzine (2mg/kg).The Emotionality, Activity, Sociability (EAS) Temperament Survey for Children was used to measure the child's temperament. The temperament survey measures three realms (Emotionality, Activity, Sociability/Shyness). The sedation outcomes were rated using the modified North Carolina Behavior Rating Scale (NCBRS) from 1-4 (Quiet, Annoyed, Upset, and Wild). The final sample population consisted of 34 children, 24 girls (71%) and 10 boys (29%), ranging in age from 0-9 years old (M=5.6 years old, SD=1.8 years old). The sample population showed moderate emotionality (M=2.56, SD=0.96, p=0.5707), high activity (M=4.15, SD=0.72, p=0.2423), high sociability (M=3.63, SD=0.60, p=0.7853), and moderate shyness (M=2.50, SD=0.86, p=0.9930). Of the critical events, local anesthesia (F=74%, M=1.31, SD=0.58) and rubber dam placement (F=77%, M=1.26, SD=0.51) showed the most disruptive behaviors. Correlation results showed no significant temperament influence on overall effectiveness of sedation for the EAS sub-scales. Individual EAS scores, moderate emotionality, high activity, high sociability, and moderate shyness, did not predict the overall effectiveness of the sedation in this population.


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Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

June 2008