Defense Date

2021

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science

Department

Anatomy & Neurobiology

First Advisor

Sonali Rathore

Abstract

The aim of this systematic review was to compare the sensitivity and specificity of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in detecting osteoarthritis (OA) of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). This was done by using computed tomography (CT) and the research diagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorders (RDC/TMD) as reference methods and using CBCT and MRI as index methods. A specific search strategy was developed and applied to these electronic databases: PubMed, Embase, DOSS, and Cochrane. The search results returned 802 articles, which were then narrowed down using the inclusion/exclusion criteria, to four final articles that were included in this review. Two of these articles used CBCT as their index method, and the other two used MRI. The sensitivity and specificity for CBCT was calculated to be moderate. Regarding MRI, we were not able to retrieve the raw data necessary so sensitivity and specificity were unable to be calculated. It was concluded that while CBCT and MRI show promise in their use as a diagnostic tool in the diagnosis of OA of the TMJ, more studies are needed to fully evaluate their validity.

Rights

© Gabriel R Saavedra

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

12-7-2021

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