Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science



First Advisor

Paul Dent


Ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecological malignancy among women. The current first-line treatments for ovarian cancer are cisplatin, carboplatin and paclitaxel. However, resistance to these platinum-based drugs occurs in the large majority of initially responsive tumors, resulting in fully chemoresistant, fatal disease. Therefore, the resistance to cisplatin therapy has been a critical hurdle in the management of recurrent ovarian cancer. The mechanisms responsible for cisplatin resistance are not completely understood. In the search for new therapies to overcome/bypass cisplatin resistance, melanoma differentiation gene-7 (MDA-7) IL-24, which is a new cytokine, has anti-cancer efficacy by suppressing cell growth and inducing apoptosis in a broad range of tumor cells and does not induce any toxicity in normal cells, thus, making it a potentially effective therapeutic gene for ovarian cancer. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential therapeutic efficacy of MDA-7 to treat ovarian carcinoma. Since adenoviral-mediated MDA-7 gene therapy has been shown to be well tolerated and showed biological activity in clinical studies in the context of other carcinomas we assessed the anticancer effects of Ad.mda-7 and in combination with cis-platinum on ovarian cancer cells. Our results show that the purified recombinant MDA-7 protein, GST-MDA-7, and Ad.mda7 virus (5) induced growth arresst and apoptosis in ovarian cancer cells. However, the apoptosis induction was low and directly correlated with infectivity of Ad.mda-7 virus (5). The use of a modified Ad.mda-7 virus type5, Ad.mda-7 virus type(5/3), inhanced infectivity and significantly enhanced ovarian cancer cell killing in human ovarian cancer cell lines in vitro compared to unmodified Ad.mda-7 virus, Ad.mda-7 virus type5. Also Ad-mda7 synergizes with cis-platinum in vitro and enhances ovarian cancer cell death. Taken together, these findings demonstrate that MDA-7 is capable of promoting growth suppression and inducing cell death in ovarian cancer cells, at least OVCAR cells and support the pharmacological interest of the combination of MDA-7 and cis-platinum.


© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

July 2009