Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy



First Advisor

Shawn O. Utsey

Second Advisor

Jamie L. Cage

Third Advisor

Shawn C.T. Jones

Fourth Advisor

Paul Perrin

Fifth Advisor

Chelsea Williams


This study explored caregiver impact on Black racial identity (BRI) and externalizing through the integration of BRI, racial socialization (RS), and social support theoretical frameworks. The study used 85 Black undergraduates (Mean age =19.3, SD=3.43) who rated three caregivers, respectively. Restricted maximum likelihood estimation was conducted to estimate variance components. BRI, RS, internalizing, and externalizing variables reflected significant trait effects and dyadic effects. However, racial centrality and public regard did not reflect significant dyadic effects. Participant burden due to randomization of caregivers and items likely suppressed dyadic effects. Moreover, caregivers who evoked private regard were perceived as having high cultural socialization attitudes and as providing high racial barrier and pride socialization. Caregivers who evoked assimilationist attitudes were perceived as having low cultural socialization attitudes and providing low racial barrier socialization. Expect for antidominant attitudes, dyadic BRI was not linked to externalizing. Findings suggest importance of dyadic effects on BRI, RS, and externalizing.


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