Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science



First Advisor

Dr. Victor Tan Chen

Second Advisor

Dr. Ying-Chao Kao

Third Advisor

Dr. Katie Lauve-Moon


Complementarian theology is employed by some evangelical religious structures to restrict women’s leadership. Despite this, throughout time, evangelical women have devised ways to lead and teach within and outside the bounds of the institutional church and parachurch organizations. This research utilizes the extreme case method and digital content analysis to examine how complementarian evangelical women navigate issues surrounding agency, authority, and precarity as they engage new opportunities for leadership that digital technologies offer. The IF:Gathering is an extreme, or ideal, case because it represents the confluence of contemporary evangelical women’s organizational methods, language and leadership, and digital expertise. This research analyzes the content of the 2022 IF:Gathering conference videos, the official IF:Gathering website pages, emails sent from the IF:Gathering organization to subscribers, official Instagram posts, and one IF:Equip study. It examines how evangelical women enact agency and authority and explores how these women engage existing gender stratifications and precarities, often by employing facets of hegemonic femininity. The women leading the IF:Gathering have amassed algorithmic and relational authority that in many ways makes them more influential than most evangelical men. Yet that authority is tempered by their strategic adherence to hegemonic femininities and submission to male-led evangelical structures. This research contributes an understanding of how these components interact through this ideal case and it provides a foundation for applying findings to other gender stratified contexts in the evolving digital landscape.


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Date of Submission


Available for download on Sunday, May 07, 2028