Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science



First Advisor

Dr. Victoria A. Shivy


Female offenders often have had increased financial difficulties post-release because of lower levels of educational achievement and less job experience. Career programming may prove useful to female offenders by providing guidance with career decisions and strengthening career decision-making skills. The aims of this study were to investigate career decision-making skills and self-efficacy in the context of vocational programming for a group of female offenders. A pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design was used to examine scale scores for a group who participated in programming and a control group at the same correctional facility. A series oft tests revealed no significant differences between the control and intervention groups. An examination of the subscale means indicated that female offenders may advocate more passive decision-making styles and lower career decision-making self-efficacy than the original norm samples for these instruments.


© The Author

Is Part Of

VCU University Archives

Is Part Of

VCU Theses and Dissertations

Date of Submission

June 2008

Included in

Psychology Commons