Original Publication Date
Migrants Against Slavery: Virginians and the Nation
Date of Submission
From the introduction, "The stories in this book show that complete avoidance of slavery was impossible because of the power of Virginian slaveholders and because of the residues of slavery in the Midwest and elsewhere in the North. Because of these factors, people who left Virginia to avoid slavery developed diverse tactics and followed markedly different routes."
Introduction includes historical data tables: Virginia-born African-Americans in northern cities, 1850 and 1860; Free Virginia-born people living in states outside Virginia, 1850 and 1860; Ratio of free expatriates to their native eastern states' free population, 1850 and 1860; Distribution of expatriates from South Atlantic and border states, 1850 and 1860
Copyright © 2001 Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia
Is Part Of
VCU History Publications
Schwarz, Philip. "Introduction" In Migrants Against Slavery: Virginians and the Nation. University of Virginia Press, 2001, Available from VCU Scholars Compass, http://scholarscompass.vcu.edu/hist_pubs/9.