•  
  •  
 

Keywords

Reentry, Workforce Development, Correctional Education

Abstract

Incarceration has been an issue nationwide in the United States for decades due to policies from the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s that lead to mass increases in incarceration. In the past decade, several states have overhauled their criminal sentencing and prison structure to lower prison populations. This has resulted in the release of thousands of restorative citizens and has expanded the need for reentry services. Released individuals who have been incarcerated face a number of social, political, and economic barriers that prevent them from re-entering society successfully. The inability to obtain employment is often cited as one of the most important factors that contributes to recidivism, which also has negative implications for the general public. This paper examines the barriers that restorative citizens and the social workers who assist them face in helping them find suitable and sustainable employment. The author also highlights workforce instructional methods utilized in the H.I.R.E. program that have been effective in assisting restored citizens in landing job interviews and securing employment. Finally, the author also explores solutions for collaboration across criminal justice and non-profit agencies for the purposes of increasing employment opportunities for restored citizens returning back to the community.

Author Bio

Terrance Hinton has a PhD from Walden University and has worked in reentry education and workforce development projects for a number of years. He currently serves as Reentry Program Manager of the HIRE and EDGE workforce development program for a nonprofit agency called Alvis Incorporated in Columbus, Ohio and also serves as an adjunct professor.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

References

Alvis Incorporated. (2018). Retrieved from https://www.alvis180.org/about/

Andrews, D.A. & Bonta, J. (2010). Rehabilitating criminal justice policy and practice.

American Psychological Association, Public Policy and Law, 16(1), 39-55. DOI: 10.1037/a0018362. Retrieved from http://www.antoniocasella.eu/nume/Andrews_Bonta_Criminal_Justice_Policy_2010.pdf

Bucknor, C. & Barber, A. (2016). The Price We Pay: Economic Costs of Barriers to Employment for Former Prisoners and People Convicted of Felonies. CEPR Center For Economic and Policy Research. Retrieved from http://cepr.net/images/stories/reports/employment-prisoners-felonies-2016-06.pdf

Fetsch, E. (2016). No Bars: Unlocking the Economic Power of the Formerly Incarcerated. Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation. 1-19. https://www.kauffman.org/~/media/kauffman_org/microsites/mayors2016/occupational%20licensing%20and%20th e%20formerly%20incarcerated_final.pdf

Gill, C., & Wilson, D. B. (2017). Improving the success of reentry programs: Identifying the impact of service–need fit on recidivism. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 44(3), 336–359. https://doi.org/10.1177/0093854816682048

Hillyer, H. A. (2016). Reducing the rate of prison recidivism in Florida by providing state corporate income tax credits to businesses as an incentive for employment of ex-felons, Barry Law Review, 21(1) 105-122. Retrieved from https://lawpublications.barry.edu/barrylrev/vol21/iss1/4

Hopkins, M. (2017). Chapter 789: Banning the Box: The Solution to High Ex-Offender Unemployment? 49 U. Pac. L. Rev. 513. Retrieved from https://scholarlycommons.pacific.edu/uoplawreview/vol49/iss2/17

Hunt, P., Smart, R., Jonsson, L. & Tsang, FC Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2018. https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_briefs/RB10003.html

Nally, J., Lockwood, S., Ho, T., & Knutson, K. (2014). Post-release recidivism and employment among different types of released offenders: A 5-year follow-up study in the United States. International Journal of Criminal Justice Sciences, 9(1).

National Hire Network, (2017). Retrieved from https://www.hirenetwork.org/content/federal-bonding-program

Oluwasegun, O., & Ritter-Williams, D. Georgios Antonopoulos (Reviewing editor) (2019) A phenomenological study of employer perspectives on hiring ex- offenders, Cogent Social Sciences, 5(1), DOI: 10.1080/23311886.2019.1571730

Ramakers, A., Nieuwbeerta, P., Van Wilsem, J., & Dirkzwager, A. (2017). Not just any job will do: A study on employment characteristics and recidivism risks after release. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 61(16), 1795–1818. https://doi.org/10.1177/0306624X16636141. Retrieved from https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/0306624X16636141

Schnepel, K.T. (2018). Good jobs and recidivism, The Economic Journal, 128(608), 447–469. https://doi.org/10.1111/ecoj.12415

Taliaferro, W & Pham, D. (2018). Incarceration to Reentry Education & Training Pathways in Ohio. Reconnecting Justice in the States. Retrieved from https://www.clasp.org/sites/default/files/publications/2018/05/2018_pathwaysinohio.pdf

Wooditch, A., Tang, L. L., & Taxman, F. S. (2014). Which criminogenic need changes are most important in promoting desistance from crime and substance use? International Relations, 41(3), 33–51. https://doi.org/10.1177/0047117802016001004

First Page

162

Last Page

167

Included in

Social Work Commons

Share

COinS