Orginal Publication Date
MCV/Q, Medical College of Virginia Quarterly
Orthoptics (derived from the Greek word "orthos"--straight and "ops"--vision) has been in use for centuries at various stages of sophistication and has been applied to the treatment of visual anomalies not amenable to other medical approaches. However, today's orthoptic evaluation and treatment techniques date back only about 50 years, with continuous refinements in both knowledge and technical equipment. Orthoptic treatment is primarily directed towards restoring normal binocular vision; whereas, pleoptic treatment is aimed at regaining monocular vision. Thus, although the art of oprthoptics is in the final analysis an ancient one, its scientific application has been greatly enhanced and placed on more solid scientific grounds, especially in the last decade.
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