Health Sciences Education Symposium

First Author Information

Adele Kraft, MD, Assistant Professor of Pathology, School of Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University

Presentation Format


Type of Activity


Original Presentation Date


Date of Submission

May 2017

Abstract/Short Description

JiTT is an active teaching and learning strategy that combines web-based assignments with classroom learning. JiTT sessions can be limited to one-hour; each learning activity is an event by itself and it can be used in small groups composed of learners with heterogeneous backgrounds previously exposed to the material. The main strengths of JiTT are the ability to make student thinking visible, help develop expert-like thinking processes, improve transfer of knowledge and promote reflective learning. We demonstrate our experience in applying this learning strategy to Pathology resident teaching.

Purpose/Research Question

The usual way pathology residents learn the craft is by working on cases under faculty guidance. It is expected that they will master the basic principles and from then on become independent learners. In our residency program there are a series of formal lectures intended to cover the contents of a major Surgical Pathology book over a two year period. Pathology faculty take turns in giving the lectures depending on their area of interest and expertise. As it is impossible to try to cover all the details of a subject in a one-hour lecture other strategies need to be tried that would preferably involve active learning strategies.


Determine if JiTT can be successfully utilized for Pathology resident training


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Science Education Resource Center: What is Just-in-Time Teaching?

Cashman, Eileen M., and Elizabeth A. Eschenbach. 'Using on-line quizzes outside the classroom to increase student engagement inside the classroom.' Published in the Proceedings for the American Society for Engineering Education, Pacific Southwest Section, Spring 2003 Conference. Developing Tomorrow's Workforce, University of Southern California, California, March. 2003.

Novak, Gregor, and Middendorf, Joan. What works – a pedagogy Just-in-Time Teaching website


© The Author(s)

Is Part Of

VCU Medical Education Symposium