MERC Publications

Document Type


Original Publication Date


Date of Submission

April 2023


With artificial intelligence (AI) models rapidly emerging, the potential implications for K12 education are imminent. To illuminate the potential impacts on public schools, this MERC research brief answers the following questions: 1) What is AI? What are AI large language models? How do they work?, 2) What are the implications of large language models for teaching and learning?, 3) What are the main concerns with the use of AI large language models? What are the concerns for use within public schools?, 4) What are the considerations for school district policy on AI large language models?, and 5) What are the recommendations for educators and educational leaders?

Recommended Citation

Senechal, J., Ekholm, E., Aljudaibi, S., Strawderman, M., & Parthemos, C. (2023). Balancing the benefits and risks of large language AI models in K12 public schools. Richmond, VA: Metropolitan Educational Research Consortium.

Is Part Of

VCU MERC Publications



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