Document Type

Research Report

Original Publication Date


Date of Submission

July 2016


The purpose of this study was to examine factors present in schools with students who performed higher or demonstrated greater improvement on SOL(Standards of Learning) tests that might have been expected based on student demographics. The study identified factors present in these schools that contributed to their success. The study examined four Title I elementary schools, including three designated as high achieving and one as low achieving for purposes of comparison. The study was initially designed to examine equal numbers of schools representing each phenomenon (high and low achieving); however, the perceived pressure associated with state and local reform efforts narrowed the pool of potential study participants. An in-depth examination in each school included interviews with principals, teachers, and parents; observations; and document reviews. Qualitative methods of analysis were employed.

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