Document Type


Original Publication Date


Journal/Book/Conference Title

New Journal of Physics



DOI of Original Publication



Originally published at

Date of Submission

April 2016


Stabilization of magnetic order in clusters/nanoparticles at elevated temperatures is a fundamentally challenging problem. The magnetic anisotropy energy (MAE) that prevents the thermal fluctuations of the magnetization direction can be around 1–10 K in free transition metal clusters of around a dozen atoms. Here we demonstrate that a graphene support can lead to an order of magnitude enhancement in the anisotropy of supported species. Our studies show that the MAE of supported Co5 and Co13 clusters on graphene increase by factors of 2.6 and 25, respectively. The enhancement is linked to the splitting of selected electronic orbitals that leads to the different orbital contributions along the easy and hard axis. The conductive support enables a magnetic interaction between the deposited species and the nature of the magnetic interaction can be controlled by the separation between supported clusters or by vacancies offering an unprecedented ability to tune characteristics of assemblies.


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