Original Publication Date
American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
DOI of Original Publication
Date of Submission
Injection treatment to the glenohumeral joint is often needed to treat shoulder problems such as adhesive capsulitis. This can be done through blind palpation technique and fluoroscopic or musculoskeletal ultrasound guidance. In recent years, ultrasound has been proven to increase the accuracy of needle placement into the glenohumeral joint. Ultrasound is radiation free and offers real-time images in performing needle-guided injection procedures.
Glenohumeral joint injection can be done using the anterior rotator interval approach or the posterior approach technique. Both techniques are generally well tolerated by the patients. However, it was shown that the posterior injection technique offers an easier and a more effective approach to the glenohumeral joint with less extravasation rate as compared with the anterior approach. The posterior approach also avoids the potential risk of accidental puncture or injection into the axillary neurovascular structures. A linear transducer of 5–12 MHz is usually used. This technique is often applied to inject corticosteroid for the treatment of frozen shoulder or contrast medium for computed tomography or magnetic resonance shoulder arthrography.
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Is Part Of
VCU Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Publications