Original Publication Date
Health Psychology Open
DOI of Original Publication
Date of Submission
Despite the mounting evidence linking loneliness with health, the mechanisms underlying this relationship remain obscure. This systematic review and meta-analysis on the association between loneliness and one potential mechanism—sleep—identified 27 relevant articles. Loneliness correlated with self-reported sleep disturbance (r = .28, 95% confidence interval (.24, .33)) but not duration, across a diverse set of samples and measures. There was no evidence supporting age or gender as moderators or suggesting publication bias. The longitudinal relationship between loneliness and sleep remains unclear. Loneliness is related to sleep disturbance, but research is necessary to determine directionality, examine the influence of other factors, and speak to causality.
© The Author(s) 2020. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages (https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).
Is Part Of
VCU Psychology Publications
Supplementary_-_Appendix_B.__Ethnicity_for_studies_conducted_in_the_U.S..pdf (110 kB)
Supplementary_-_Appendix_C._Measures.pdf (173 kB)
Supplementary_-_Appendix_D._Psychometric_properties_of_scales.pdf (206 kB)
Supplementary_-_Appendix_E._Summary_of_meta-analyses.pdf (110 kB)
Supplementary_-_Appendix_F._Baujat.pdf (99 kB)
Supplementary_-_Appendix_G._Funnel_Plot.pdf (98 kB)
Supplementary_-_Appendix_H._Citations_for_Articles_Identified_in_Systematic_Review.pdf (179 kB)