Document Type


Original Publication Date


Journal/Book/Conference Title

VCU Rice Rivers Center Research Symposium

Date of Submission

June 2016


Foraging observations can be used as an indicator of habitat quality and food availability. Previous studies with song rate have had conflicting results. Song rate increases with abundance (male-­‐male interac=ons) (Warren et. al 2013) and with high quality habitats (Stehelin and Lein 2013). Unmated males sing twice as often as mated males (Robins et. al 2009), expected in poor quality habitats. Few studies have assessed foraging and song rate behaviors in high and low density systems. Prothonotary Warblers (PROW) are excellent study species because they nest in boxes and we can manipulate density. The objective of this study was to compare PROW foraging and song rate at a high density breeding site along the Lower James River with ar=ficial nest boxes (Deep BoYom Park) to observa=ons from a lower density site in beaver wetlands and without nest boxes (Fort AP Hill).


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VCU Rice Rivers Center Research Symposium

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Ornithology Commons