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Purpose: This study examined the relationship between mindfulness and specific biobehavioral factors associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk in women. Design: A secondary data analysis was conducted on baseline data collected in a larger study examining the effects of tai chi on cardiovascular disease risk in women. Subjects: 96 women aged 35-50 years with increased waist circumference and a family history of cardiovascular disease. Measures: Biological measures included: fasting glucose, insulin and lipids, as well as C-reactive protein and cytokines. Behavioral measures included: mindfulness, fatigue, perceived stress, depressive symptoms, social support, self-compassion and spiritual thoughts and behaviors. Results: Mindfulness was significantly correlated with perceived stress and depressive symptoms. Conclusion: Though mindfulness was not significantly correlated with the biological factors measured, it was significantly associated with several behavioral factors and may therefore provide opportunities for clinical practice and future research examining the role of mindfulness practice to decrease perceived stress and depressive symptoms and ultimately decrease cardiovascular disease risk in women.

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Subject Major(s)



Mindfulness; Perceived stress; Depression; Biobehavioral; Women’s health


Public Health and Community Nursing | Public Health Education and Promotion | Women's Health

Current Academic Year


Faculty Advisor/Mentor

Dr. Jo Lynne W. Robins


© The Author(s)

Exploring the Relationships Between Mindfulness and Biobehavioral Factors Associated with CVD in Women