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Automated eye-tracking systems can detect and analyze eye movements as a means to accurately diagnose more than 20 neurological diseases including mild traumatic brain injury. Mild traumatic brain injury is an occurrence of injury to the head resulting from blunt trauma or from acceleration or deceleration forces. Eye movement refers to the voluntary or involuntary movement of the eyes, helping in acquiring, fixating and tracking visual stimuli. There are three types of voluntary eye movement to track objects: smooth pursuit, vergence shifts and saccades. Vergence shifts are eye movements where the eyes move in opposite directions: moving to the midline in convergence or moving away in divergence. This project focused on creating a device to induce vergence eye movements via a laser source and a mirror galvanometer. The laser pointer is directed at the mirror galvanometer which then projects the laser point onto a screen that lies horizontally in front of the observer. As the laser dot moves back and forth from the viewer, the eyes converge as the dot moves toward the viewer and diverge as the dot moves away. The device will be used to develop a baseline of control data that can eventually be used to diagnose mild traumatic brain injury. Different eye trackers will be tested to determine the optimum technique for gathering vergence eye movement data.
Eye movement, Biomedical Engineering, Vergence, Eye Tracking, Mild Traumatic Brain Injury
Bioelectrical and Neuroengineering | Biomedical Devices and Instrumentation | Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering | Other Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment
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Paul A. Wetzel
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