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I address how anthropologists can identify the patterns and development of slavery and economic oppression through archaeology and the visualization of Virginia enslavement. I focus on the enslaved people of James Madison's Montpelier. I use 3D modeling as a foundation for integrating enhanced visuals with the goal of presenting a tangible understanding of the enslaved individuals in relation to the artifacts and history of the archaeological sites. I intend to show a common theme in economic oppression by comparing modern themes in slavery and examining Fraser D. Neiman's synthesis of the evolutionary perspective of slavery, and how little has changed in economic practices.

Publication Date


Subject Major(s)

Anthropology, Archaeology


Historical, Montpelier, Virginia, James Madison, Slavery, Economics, archaeology, dig, trafficking


American Material Culture | Archaeological Anthropology | Economic History | Labor History | Other Anthropology | Other History | Other History of Art, Architecture, and Archaeology | Social and Cultural Anthropology

Current Academic Year


Faculty Advisor/Mentor

Dr. Bernard K. Means


© The Author(s)

Recommended Citation

American Civil Liberties Union 2017 Human Trafficking: Modern Enslavement of Immigrant Women in the United States. Blackburn, Marion 2015 Free Before Emancipation. Archaeology 68(4):50-64. Fennell, Christopher C. 2011 Early African America: Archaeological Studies of Significance and Diversity. Journal of Archaeological Research 19(1):1-49. Neiman, Fraser D. 2008 The Lost World of Monticello: An Evolutionary Perspective. Journal of Anthropological Research 64(2):161-193. Kelso, William M. 1986 Mulberry Row: Slave Life at Thomas Jefferson's Monticello. Archaeology 39(5):28-35. Osborne, Vesper 2003 Monticello. Callaloo 26(3):590-592. Patten, M. Drake 1997 Cheers of Protest? The Public, the Post, and the Parable of Learning. Historical Archaeology 31(3):132-139. Shackel, Paul A. 2003 Heyward Shepherd: The Faithful Slave Memorial. Historical Archaeology 37(3):138-148. Singleton, Theresa. A. 1995 The Archaeology of Slavery in North America. Annual Review Of Anthropology 24(1):119- 140.,url,cookie,uid&db=sih&AN=9511201355&site=ehost-live&scope=site Snyder, Terri L. 2010 Suicide, Slavery, and Memory in North America. The Journal of American History 97(1):39- 62. Watkins, Trevor. 2013 The creation of inequality: how our prehistoric ancestors set the stage for monarchy, slavery, and empire. Antiquity 87(336), 600-601.,url,cookie,uid&db=rlh&AN=88163245&site=ehost-live&scope=site Yeung, Bernice. 2013 Female Workers Face Rape, Harassment in U.S. Agriculture Industry. Frontline.

Patterns of Enslavement and Economic Oppression of Central Virginia