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Oral Health Prevention Interventions Targeting the Latinx Population in United States: A Scoping Review
Anyi A. Rodriguez, Dept. of Forensic Science, with Dr. Dina Tamar Garcia, VCU Health Behavior and Policy
The Latinx population is the second-largest ethnic group in the United States (U.S.). This large and growing population is disproportionately impacted by oral diseases, including Early Childhood Caries (ECC) and periodontitis. They also face several barriers accessing dental care such as lacking a regular source of care, being uninsured/underinsured, and language barriers. Despite the high oral health needs and barriers to dental care present within this population, little has been done to understand the current state of the literature concerning research related to this population. To address this gap in the literature, a scoping review of literature regarding oral health behavior and intervention studies targeting the U.S. Latinx population was conducted following the Arksey and O’Malley (2005) and the Tricco et al. (2018) Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Extension for Scoping Review Guidelines. Four scholarly databases (Embase, Ovid Medline, DOSS, CINAHL) were searched from inception to December 13, 2019 for peer-reviewed articles published in English or Spanish. Four reviewers independently screened articles at the title-abstract level using Rayyan QCRI software. Articles were included if they focused on the Latinx population in the United States and mentioned oral health. Conflicting decisions were resolved by consensus between the reviewers. A total of 3096 articles were identified through the scholarly databases, of which 31 were duplicates. Initial results from the abstract selection phase yielded 208 of 3065 articles for full-length article review. Articles were excluded because they did not focus on the U.S. Latinx population or mentioned oral health, had a biological focus, or were formats other than research studies (e.g. reviews, editorials, conference abstracts). Full-text review of the articles is currently underway, to be followed by data charting using REDCap. Studies will then be summarized using qualitative synthesis. Results from the scoping review will inform the direction of future oral health prevention intervention research.
Current Academic Year
Dina Garcia, Ph.D.
Virginia Commonwealth University. Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program
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VCU Undergraduate Research Posters
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