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In the both the periods between and after the World Wars, the French government expressed an increased interest in redeveloping Paris and the surrounding suburbs. It was during this push to renovate the wreckage and to improve the living situation of the impoverished that modernist sentiment first flourished in the country. This paper examines not only the effects of modernism’s rise in France, as well as Le Corbusier’s urban planning efforts therein, but also the diffusion of modernist principles into colonial holdings of major European powers touched by modernism. Using both analyses of Le Corbusier’s work and case studies of modernism in countries such as India, Brazil, Mexico, and China, and iterations both in and outside of France, I have come to the conclusion that as modernism was absorbed into the architectural vernacular of countries such as this, it took on new ideologies based on cultural values. This adaption, often necessary growths in order to promote the acceptance thereof in each country, created distinct forms of architecture and urban planning unique to the cultural context they promulgated in.
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