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The objective of this secondary analysis was to examine whether positive reframing moderates life satisfaction in children who have experienced victimization in the past year. Previous studies found that children who are frequent targets of peers’ bullying are at risk for a variety of adjustment problems including depression, loneliness, and anxiety (Boulton & Underwood, 1992; Graham & Juvonen, 1998; Hawker & Boulton, 2000). Moreover, coping plays a direct role on the adjustment of children and may be used as a moderator in the effect of a stressor on the life satisfaction of an individual (MacCann, Lipnevich, Burrus, & Roberts, 2012). Following this research, the experimenters conducted a secondary analysis on Dr. Wendy Kliewer’s Project CARE data. The results indicate that, although victimization is a significant predictor of life satisfaction, positive reframing does not effectively moderate the relationship between victimization and life satisfaction. The lack of self-report victimization and life satisfaction heavily contributes to the statistical insignificance of this test. However, with a more robust sample size, the data will aide in establishing effective coping mechanisms.

Publication Date


Subject Major(s)

victimization, trauma, adolescents, positive reframing, coping mechanisms

Current Academic Year


Faculty Advisor/Mentor

Wendy Kliewer


Virginia Commonwealth University. Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program

Is Part Of

VCU Undergraduate Research Posters


© The Author(s)

Do Coping Mechanisms Affect the Quality of Life in Adolescences Who Have Experienced Trauma?