Defense Date


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Systems Modeling and Analysis

First Advisor

Daniel Cranston

Second Advisor

Jessica McDonald

Third Advisor

Neal Bushaw

Fourth Advisor

Craig Larson

Fifth Advisor

J. Paul Brooks


The Borodin–Kostochka Conjecture states that for a graph G, if ∆(G) ≥ 9 and ω(G) ≤ ∆(G) − 1, then χ(G) ≤ ∆(G) − 1. We prove the Borodin–Kostochka Conjecture for (P5, gem)-free graphs, i.e., graphs with no induced P5 and no induced K1 ∨P4.

For a graph G and t, k ∈ Z+ at-tone k-coloring of G is a function f : V (G) → [k] such that |f(v) ∩f (w)| < d(v,w) for all distinct v, w ∈ V(G). The t-tone chromatic number of G, denoted τt(G), is the minimum k such that G is t-tone k-colorable. For small values of t, we prove sharp or nearly sharp upper bounds on the t-tone chromatic number of various classes of sparse graphs. In particular, we determine τ2(G) exactly when mad(G) < 12/5 and also determine τ2(G), up to a small additive constant, when G is outerplanar. Finally, we determine τt(Cn) exactly when t ∈ {3, 4, 5}.


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