Health Sciences Education Symposium

First Author Information

Clifton C. Lee, MD, FAAP, SFHM, Associate Professor of Pediatrics, VCU School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics

Additional Author(s) Information

Hadi Anwar, MD, Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics

Marieka Helou, MD, MPH, Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics

Presentation Format


Type of Activity


Original Presentation Date


Date of Submission

May 2017

Abstract/Short Description

Background: Studies show that family centered rounds (FCR) improve family satisfaction by involving the families in their children’s care. Medical students consistently find FCR beneficial to families but have differing attitudes regarding benefits to the medical team. Some concerns raised by the students include longer rounds, decreased bedside teaching, and lack of opportunities to improve FCR skills. We developed a FCR simulation to aid medical students in FCR presentation.

Methods: On the first day of the clerkship, medical students presented a patient admission to two evaluators playing a parent and an attending physician. The patient admission note was emailed to the students prior to the simulation. Students were provided immediate feedback and asked to complete a survey. The survey asked if they thought FCR would benefit family, nurses, physicians, students, and efficiency of rounds. The students provided answers based on five point Likert scale. Finally, they completed a similar survey at the end of the clerkship.

Results: The vast majority (95%) of the students had never participated in FCR prior to the simulation. The simulation made students more comfortable presenting in FCR (average score 4.5 on 5 point Likert Scale). There were no significant differences in positive attitudes towards FCR to families, nursing, physician, and medical education in the pre and post clerkship surveys. Most (67%) students’ perception towards FCR changed positively by the end of the clerkship.

Discussion: Most of the medical students had never participated in FCR presentation prior to the start of the clerkship, and they found the simulation helpful in preparing for FCR. Although specific attitudes about the benefit of FCR to the family and medical team did not change likely due to ceiling effect, most of the students did have positive perception of FCR by the end of the clerkship.

Purpose/Research Question

Will FCR simulation improve medical student attitudes toward FCR? Will medical students’ perception of FCR change over the course of the clerkship?


Using Family Centered Rounds simulation to improve medical student attitudes and comfort level towards FCR.


Knoderer H. Inclusion of Parents in Pediatric Subspecialty Team Rounds: Attitudes of the Family and Medical Team. Acad Med. 2009; 84:1576-1581.

Young H, Schumacher J, Moreno M et al. Medical Student Self-Efficacy with Family Centered Care during Bedside Rounds. Acad Med. 2012; 87:767-775.

Cox E, Schumacher J, Young H et al. Medical Student Outcomes after Family Centered Bedside Rounds. Acad Pediatrics. 2011; 11:403-408.

Paradise Black N, Kelly M, Black E et al. Family Centered Rounds and Medical Student Education: A Qualitative Examination of Students' Perceptions. Hospital Pediatrics. 2011; 1:24-29.


© The Author(s)

Is Part Of

VCU Medical Education Symposium